Electrosal IV Infusion
Electrosal is used to treat hypovolemia caused by surgery, hemorrhage and trauma. Excessive sweating, severe diarrhoea or vomiting, excess loss of fluid by nephritic kidneys, inadequate intake of fluid and electrolytes etc. that may lead to typical hypovolemic shock may be corrected with Electrosal . Severe plasma loss caused by intestinal obstruction, burns or other denuding conditions of the skin may be treated with Electrosal. It is mainly used as a fluid and electrolyte replenisher. It may be used as an alternative to Sodium Bicarbonate in the treatment of metabolic acidosis associated with dehydration and to alkalinized urine
Dosage & Administration
The volume and rate of infusion will depend upon the requirements of the patients and the judgement of the physician. It usually varies with age, weight and clinical condition of the patient. The recommended flow rate is up to 100-drops/minute/70 kg body weight. In burn patients the dose of Hartmann\'s solution according to the Parkland formula: 4ml/kg body weight/% of Body surface area (BSA) burn (e.g. for a 30% BSAburn of a person having 60 kg body weight, 4 x 60 x 30ml = 7200 ml of Hartmann\'s solution would be required in 24 hours). Half of this within 8 hr, the remainder over 16 hr.
- 1. Check infusion set and infusion solution prior to use
- 2. Pull moderately to tear off the protective cover of the Eurohead
- 3. Hold lightly the Eurohead but not the bag
- 4. Open the flow regulator fully and hold the giving set on the top white area, but not the membrane venting region
- 5. Insert the spike of the administration set to the Eurohead and fit the connector of the administration set firmly to the needle
- 6. Gradually allow the fluid to flow down to the needle tip and close
- 7. Remove the protective cover of the needle
- 8. Locate the veinpuncture site and clean the site with an antiseptic solution, and then insert the needle
- 9. Securely tape the puncture site
- 10. Securely tape the wings and tubing
- 11. Start infusion while adjusting drip speed
Hartmann\'s solution should not be administered rapidly or for prolonged periods. Since the solution contains different electrolytes, it should be infused with caution in patients where electrolyte imbalance may cause detrimental effects; e.g. in pregnancy, renal impairment, heart failure, pulmonary congestion, etc. or to patients receiving potassium sparing diuretics. In Pregnancy: Pregnancy Category C. Infusion of fluid should be immediately discontinued if rigor arises for any reason during the process. Do not use if the solution is cloudy, contains particles, or after expiry date.