Injection: Hypertension (including hypertension in pregnancy, hypertension after stroke, hypertension with angina, and hypertension following acute myocardial infarction); hypertensive crisis; Anaesthesia when a hypotensive technique is indicated.
Dosage & Administration
Injection: Adults: Bolus Injection: If it is essential to reduce the blood pressure quickly a dose of 50 mg should be given by intravenous injection (over a period of at least one minute) and, if necessary, repeated at five minute intervals until a satisfactory response occurs. The total dose should not exceed 200 mg. Intravenous Infusion: For intravenous infusion the injcetion should be diluted with a suitable intravenous infusion fluid to a concentation of 1 mg/1 ml. Compatible fluids include solution of 5% Dextrose, 0.9% Sodium Chloride and mixture of Sodium Chloride and Dextrose Injection. Hypertension in pregnancy: Initially 20 mg/hour, then doubled every 30 minutes until a satisfactory response is obtained or a dosage of 160 mg/hour is reached. Hypertension following acute myocardial infarction: Initially 15 mg/hour and gradually increased to a maximum of 120 mg/hour depending on the control of blood pressure. Hypertension after stroke: 10-20 mg by intravenous injection over 1 to 2 minutes may repeat or doubled every 10 minutes. (max. dose 300 mg). Hypertension due to other causes: Infuse at a rate of about 2 mg/min until a satisfactory response is obtained, then stop infusion. The effective dose is usually 50-200 mg but larger doses may be needed, especially in patients with phaeochromocytoma. Hypotensive anaesthesia: The recommended starting dose of Labetalol Injection is 10-20 mg intravenously depending on the age and condition of the patient. Patients for whom halothane is contraindicated usually require a higher initial dose of 25-30 mg. If satisfactory hypotension is not achieved after 5 minutes, increments of 5-10 mg should be given until the desired level of blood pressure
There have been rare reports of severe hepatocellular injury with Labetalol therapy. The hepatic injury is usually reversible and has occurred after both short and long term treatment. If there is laboratory evidence of liver injury or the patient is jaundiced, Labetalol therapy should be stopped and not re-started. Particular care should be taken when Labecard is to be used in patients with hepatic impairment. Labecard should be used with caution in patients with peripheral vascular disease as their symptoms may be exacerbated. Use in Pregnancy: Labecard should only be used during the first trimester of pregnancy if the potential benefit outweighs the potential risk. Use in Lactation: Labetalol is excreted in breast milk in small amounts. Caution should be exercised when labetalol is administered to breast feeding women.