Dextrose 25% is indicated for the treatment of hypoglycemia.
Dosage & Administration
The volume and rate of infusion of dextrose solution will depend upon the requirements of the individual patient and the judgment of the physician.
The maximum rate at which dextrose can be infused without producing glycosuria is 0.5 gm/kg/hr.
The usual recommended flow rate for adult is 10-35 drops per minute infused intravenously.
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category C. Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
Concentrated dextrose solution should not be infused rapidly or for a long period. It may be hazardous in patients with impaired hepatic or renal function and severe sepsis.
Care should be taken to avoid circulatory overload, particularly in patients with cardiac insufficiency. Caution must be exercised in the administration of these injections to patients receiving corticosteroids or corticotropin. These injections should be used with caution in patients with overt or subclinical diabetes mellitus.
Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration whenever solution and container permit. Do not administer unless solution is clear and seal is intact.